So as you can see quite a lot, so this dominant section will be divided into two takes.
Once you have this section under your belt you will see and discover a whole new world and hopefully get much better to grips with the perfume behind the wine.
The composition of the perfumer. Almond is the seed of the fruit of the wild almond " prunus amygdalus amara". Originally from Western Asia , the almonds are trees or shrubs much cultivated in California, around the Mediterranean basin and in Iran. By extension, one often speak of almonds for any seed remain bare of the flesh that surrounds it. Frequently used in pastry and confectionery, bitter almond is one of the principal components for the making of Macarons, a very famous French pastry, most likely originating in Italy. You find bitter almond also in marzipan and other turons. At high doses bitter almond is toxic.
Bitter almond: Benzaldehyde, Benzylic alcohol, Furfural
Wine containing relevant notes of Bitter Almond
In general bitter almond is very discreet in wines, the smell of bitter almond it to notice in wines elaborated from grapes like; Altesse, L'arneis, Chardonnay, Clairette, Garganega, Lambrusco, Pinot blanc, Sylvaner, Terubego, Viognier. It appears also at times in Rose coming from Tavel, in sparkling wine such as Cava and prosecco. It makes its appearance in oxidative wines like Xeres, Marsala or the vin jaune from Jura.
Smells close to Bitter Almond
Hawthorn, Cinnamon, Toffee, Oak, Cherry, Green apple.
The composition of the perfumer. Hazelnut is the fruit from the common hazel "Corylus avellana". Originally from Europe, the Caucasus, and minor Asia. It is also named the edible seed contained in the fruit of the hazelnut. The smell of hazelnut is that of the seed not the shell. The term hazelnut contains a lot of homonyms. Besides the hazelnut fruit, it is also identified as a colour, or referenced to a similar sized and shape as the hazelnut or as the butter "hazelnut", or referred to a particular point in a fillet of beef, or to the renowned "cafe noisette" which is prepared with hazelnut milk.
Hazelnut: Heptanolide, Nonanolide, Filbertone, Dimethyle pyrazines.
Wines containing relevant notes of hazelnut
Hazelnut can be relocated in many different styles of wine; sparkling wine, white wine, red wine, sweet wine....Some grape varieties are more distinguished to hazelnut then others, such as Carignan, Chardonnay, Doral, Fiano.....We need to site also Champagne, Cremant de Bourgogne, Banyuls and Pineau de Charentes.
Smells close to Hazelnut
Cacao, Coffee, Milk Chocolate, Nuts, Coconut, Toasted bread.
The composition of the perfumer. The nut is the fruit of the Walnut, a kind of tree in the "Juglandaceae family" principally originated from North America. They are also present in Europe and Asia, in the tempered regions and sub tropical.
In botanical language, the term Nut designed in general the dry fruit coming from a hard shell, holding just a single grain, like the Brazilian nut, cashew nut, coco nut, macadamia nut, or the Pecan nut. The Brazilian nut is one of the food element holding the most natural radio active without being harmful.
Nut: Sotolon, Ethanal, Dimenthyl pyrazines.
Wines containing relevant notes of Nut
Nut is certainly one of the notes of development the easiest recognisable, the nut characterise white old wines, or old sparkling wines, but as well largely noticeable in the oxydative type of wines, such as madera, white port, and red port, Sauternes, ice wines, and le vin jaune (Jura). Some sweet wines like vino Santo or Tokaji, do not escape either.
Smells close to Nut
Cacao, Coffee, Quince, Lovage, Toasted bread, over-ripe apple.
The composition of the perfumer. Coconut is the fruit of a palm tree, the coconut tree "Cocos nucifera". Present in the humid inter-tropical zones of the world, but the coconut tree seem to be originating from Malaysia. They often think that the liquid found inside the coconut is coco milk as in fact it is coco water. In reality the coconut milk is extracted from the meat of the coconut. Coconut water serve as a reserve for the coconut tree so it permits its survival in areas often salt like at the border of the sea. The green coconut can reach sizes of more then half a meter in length and weight several kilos. Here we understand better why it is wise not to receive one on your head and mind your head whilst walking under the coconut trees.
Coconut: Methyle gamma octalactone, Nonanolide, Gamma decalactone.
Smells close to Coconut
Apricot, Passion fruit, Mango, Mirabelle plum, Hazelnut, Peach.
The composition of the perfumer. Apricot is the fruit of apricot tree "Prunus armeniaca". Originally from China, it is to day to be found on all continents. It appreciate first and foremost warm climates, so you will find them a lot in the Middle-East, like in Turkey, as well as Europe. The stone of the apricot often very bitter, holds inside Cyanhydric acid, which is poisonous.
The word apricot comes from the Arab "al barquouq" signifying "the early". For the reason that its flower appears very early in spring, and for the same reason why the Romans called it "praecoquum malum" or "early apple".
Apricot: Gamma decalactone, Gamma undecalactone, Phenylacetate d'ethyle, Decanole, Eugenol
Wines containing relevant notes of Apricot
Very often present in Viognier, the smell of apricot is often detectable in wines made from grapes such as; Chardonnay, Chenin, Gewurztraminer, Muscat, Nielluccio, Pinot Gris, Rousanne, Savagnin blanc. In sweet wines, it can appear in wines like Sauterns and Tokaji.
Smells close to Apricot
Pineapple, Cinnamon, Cloves. Strawberry, Passion fruit, Jasmine, Mango, Plum Mirabelle, Coconut, Carnation, Peach, Peony.
The composition of the perfumer. Cherry is the fruit of the cherry tree, of which there are many different varieties coming from the wild cherry "Prunus avium". Originally from minor Aisa, it is present principally in the European regions with tempered climates, also in the Caucasus and Turkey.
Greeks and Romans dispute its introduction into Europe. The Roman general Lucullus, seemed to have brought it with him from a battle who was fought near the Turkish city of Cerasus, today known as Girasun. This city appeared to have given the name to the fruit. But the Greeks seemed to know the fruit for hundreds of years already. A cherry elixir, the Kirsch, very popular in Germany, Austria, Switzerland and France.
Cherry: Benzaldehyde, Benzaldehyde cyanhydrine, Acetate de benzyle
Wines containing relevant notes of Cherry
Frequently appearing in red wines, cherry can sometimes hide itself in white wines, but as said very rare. Cherry is predominately present in red wines such as made from grapes like; Aglianico, Barbera, Bondola, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet-Sauvignon, Canaiolo, Gamay, Cinsault, Garanoir, Grenache noir, Malbec, Merlot, Nebbiolo, Pinot noir, Pinotage, Sangiovese, Syrah, Tempranillo, Trousseau.
Smells close to Cherry
Bitter Almond, Hawthorn, Cinnamon, Blackcurrant, Hyacinth, Jasmine, Narcissus, Water melon, Green apple.
The composition of the perfumer. Quince is the fruit of the quince tree "Cydonia Oblonga", a tree originally growing at the edge of the Caspian sea. Huge productions of quince in Turkey and China, but we also see it in Morocco, Iran, Europe and Latin America. In spite its very firm flesh, quince was tremendously appreciated by the Romans, who used as well for gastronomy as for perfumery. They called it "apple od Cydon" in reference to the Cretan town of Cydon, who had the reputation to produce excellent Quince, from where the Latin name "Cydonia".
For the Romans as for the Greeks Quince was a symbol of love and happiness. The Romans dedicated it to Venus and the Greeks to Aphrodite.
Quince: Butanoate d'ethyle, Ethanal.
Wines containing relevant notes of Quince
Refines and complex, the perfume of quince loves to play hide and seek in the Cremant de Loire (a sparkling wine from Loire), Champagnes, Jurancons, Monbazillacs, Sauternes, Tokaij's and Xeres. Grapes like L'Amigne, Chenin, Marsanne, Pinot gris, Sylvaner, reveal often the perfume of quince.
Smells close to Quince
Banana, Raspberry, Mango, Melon, Nuts, Pear, over-ripe apple, Green apple, Prune.
The composition of the perfumer. The fig is the fruit of the common fig tree, "Ficus carica". Originally from South-West Asia, this shrub grows in warm climates and in tropical and subtropical zones like Europe, Middle-East, North America. The fig is considered the oldest domestic fruit. Remnants of figs cultivation old for over 11,000 years have been found back in the Jordan valley in the Middle-East.
The expression half fig half raisin could have been linked to the Greek merchants of Corinth, who were delivering their raisins from Venice around the 15th Century. Figs were cheaper then grapes and they mixed them with the raisins to deceive their clients. From there a mixed feeling from the buyer totally understandable.
Fig: Acetate de benzyle, Nonenal, Damascone alpha.
Wines containing relevant notes of Fig
Fresh or dry, figs are to be found back in wines, made from grapes like, Grenache noir, Merlot, Riesling, Semillon, Syrah, as well in Banyuls and Pineaux de Charentes.
Smells close to Fig
Box tree, Cucumber, Hyacinth, Narcissus, Melon, Jasmine, Water melon, Rose, White tobacco, Black tea, Green tea.
The composition of the perfumer. Mirabelle is the fruit of the Mirabelle tree "Prunus domestica syriaca". Originally from the borders of the Caspian sea, this shrub is especially cultivated in France, predominately in Lorriane and the north of Alsace.
The originality of the word "mirabelle" is subject of controversy. Certain people say it comes from Latin as "Mirabilis" signify "Beautiful to look at", others consider that it is linked to a noble Frenchman from the XV Century living in Metz named "Mirabel".
Then there are those that simply think that the name comes from the local provincial place called Mirabel, where the fruit has been cultivated in the XVII Century.
Mirabelle: Gamma undecalactone, Delta decalactone, Gamma dodecalactone, Gamma decalactone.
Wines containing relevant notes of Mirabelle
You will encounter Mirabelle and its accents of ripe fruits dried in the sun in wines made from grapes like Chardonnay, Freiburger, Kerner, Pinot Gris, Rulander, Viognier as well as Porsecco.
Smells close to Mitabelle
Apricot, Passion fruit, Mango, Coconut, Peach, Prune.
The composition of the perfumer. The olive is the fruit of the olive tree "Olea europaea" Originally from the borders of the Mediterranean basin, this tree is cultivated in the Middle-East as well even so that the Mediterranean production is much more important.
The olive is capable of growing very old, some specimen reached ages of several thousand years old. One of the trees the most cited in the Bible, the olive tree is also in the Greek mythology symbol of peace and hope, and it figures on the flag of the United nations.
Green olive: Hexenol, Acetate d'hexenyle, Toluene
Wines containing relevant notes of Green olive
Green olive and its fruity facets and vegetal on the same time appear from time to time in wines made from Montepulciano. Mouvedre, Nerello, Mascalese, Pinotage, even in Xeres. Black olive can often be detected in red wines in particular the very ripe and concentrated ones.
Smells close to Green Olive
Redcurrant, Grass, Ivy, Carnation, Garden pea, Green apple.
The composition of the perfumer.Peach is a fruit coming from the peach tree "Prunus persica", originally from China. It has been introduced to all counties with a tempered climate, it is especially cultivated in southern Europe.
In the Chinese taoist tradition, peach contains a symbolic charge very important. Shoushen, god of longevity is often presented under the form of an old bold man, holding a peach in his left hand, the fruit of immortality. To chase the demons or bad spirits, it is costume today to decorate the house with a peach branch during the spring celebrations.
Peach: Gamma decalactone, Delta decalactone, Gamma dodecalactone, Cinnamate d'ethyle, Gamma undecalactone
Wines containing relevant notes of Peach
At the same time fruity and milky, peach completes in the bouquets of many wines issued of the grape such as, Chenin, Doral, Gewurztraminer, Grenache noir, Kerner, Marsanne, Pinot gris, Riesling, Rolle, Roussane, Torrontes, Ugni blanc......
Smells close to Peach
Apricot, Passion fruit, Mango, Mirabelle, Coconut, Prune, Raisin.
The composition of the perfumer. Pear is the fruit of the pear tree "Pyrus communis", a tree findings its origins in the Middle-East. Cultivated principally in China, it is equally cultivated a lot in Europe and North America.
More then 4000 different varieties of pear exist, but only a few really dominate the market, such as the very aromatic Pear Williams. An elixir is made from it, with the particularity that very often a pear finds itself inside the bottle. For that and with a piece of branch attached, they introduce the pear at a very young age inside the bottle. It keeps on growing till they cut it loose from the branch.
Pear: Acetate d'hexenyle, Acetate d'heptyle, Decadienoate d'ethyle, Ethanal, Acetate d'isamyle
Wines containing relevant notes of Pear
Certain pears are very aromatic, as other very discreet. However we find it back in Prosecco, or in wines made from; Altesse, Chardonnay, Chenin, Doral, Friulano, Gewurztraminer, Greco, Marsanne, Mauzac, Pinto gris, Riesling, Sylvaner, Viognier....
Smells close to Pear
Banana, Quince, Nut, Over-ripe apple, Green apple, Prune
Composition of the perfumer reminding the smell of over-ripe apple. Over-ripe apple is an apple that has past its stage of maturity and appeared wrinkled but without any rot. The cultivated apple tree "Malus pumila" is orginated from Kazakhstan. Principally planted in China, it is present in many tempered zones on all the continents.
Apple is the most cultivated fruit on the planet in tempered environments. There are more then 20,000 different varieties of apple. The most famous apple is maybe the one that fell on the head of Isaac Newton, which permits him to develop the theory of universal gravity.
Over-ripe apple: Ethanal
Wines containing relevant notes of Over-ripe apple
Often a sign of evolution, you will find over-ripe apple in old sparkling wines or very old white wines. It might happen that you encounter it in young wines, or in Cavas and Champagnes, as well in wines made from grapes such as; Macabeu, Perdo ximenez, Palomino, Touriga national...
Smells close to Over-ripe apple
Quince, Raspberry, Nut, Pear, Green apple.
The composition of the perfumer, of the green apple before its maturity. The apple is the fruit of the cultivated apple tree "Malus pumila" originally from Kazakhstan. Principally planted in China, it is present in the tempered zones of all continents. A very famous apple is liaised to the history of Switzerland. According to the legend, William Tell neglected to salute a hat placed on the top of a mast, to symbolise the authority of the Austrian Emperor. The bailiff took news of that, and Guillaume Tell was condemned to pull with a cross bow a flesh through a green apple, placed on the head of his son. Having succeed in doing so, this episode galvanised the Swiss in their quest for independence.
Green apple: Hexanoate d'ethyle, Butyrate d'ethyle, Benzaldehyde, Hexenol, Acetate d'isoamyle.
Wines containing relevant notes of Green apple
Green apple present some fruity aspects but also some vegetal aspects on the same time. We frequently find back notes of it in Vinho verde, as well as many wines made with grapes of; l;Altesse, Chardonnay, Chenin, Gringet, Gruner Veltliner, Jacquere, Kerner, Mauzac, Muller Thurgau, Muscadet, Palomino, Riesling, Rolle, Sauvignon blanc, Verdejo....
Smells close to Green apple
Bitter almond, Banana, Quince, Redcurrant, Grass, Mango, Green olive, Pear, Over-rip apple, Prune, Rhubarb.
The composition of the perfumer. Prune is a dry plum, a fruit from the plum tree "d'Ente" but more known under "d'Agen" it is a variety from the plum tree "Prunus domestica" originating from East Asia. You will encounter the prune d'Ente in France, United States, South America and Australia.
The expression "pour des prunes" (not translatable in English) seems to find birth during the crusades. In 1149, when the crusaders came back from their second crusade without any victory under their belt, they brought back roots of plum trees. So from there rose the term, which means to be taken for a ride, been mocked about.
Prune: Ethanal, Gamma dodecalactone, Butanoate d'ethyle, Acetate d'isoamyle, Cinnamate, Gamme decalactone
Wines containing relevant notes of Prune
In general indication of maturity or evolution. The facets of prune do reveal in red ports, reciotos, or in wines vinified of; Garanoir, Grenache noir, Malbec, Merlot, Mourvedre, Negrette, Nerello mascalese, Pinotage, Primitivo, Touriga nacional.
Smells close to Prune
Banana, Quince, Raspberry, Mango, Melon, Mirabelle, Nut, Carnation, Peach, Pear, Over-ripe apple, Green apple, Raisin.
So this is take 1 for the fruits you will discover in your wines, most likely the most important section in this whole series as fruit is what appears most prominent in wines. So enjoy en till next time.
Please do drink responsibly.